The Scottish terrier is a little and sturdy dog that has short legs and when is well groomed, the legs may even look shorter than they actually are. The head in proportion to the rest of the dog is quite long as it looks wedge shaped, with the muzzle seemingly sloping from the top of the skull. The skull is dome shaped and medium sized.
The almond shaped eyes are found in the skull and being set apart in extreme end of the skull. The Scottish terrier has pointed and ever erect ears that are located on the top of the head. The length of the muzzle seems equal to the length of the head and papers slightly as it moves towards the nose. The nose of the Scottish terrier is always black. The teeth meet in a scissor level.
The appearance that this dog has is quite characteristic as it comes with a coarse coat that that as tough upper coat whereas it has a soft undercoat of hair. Removal of dewclaws when the terrier is a few days old is common. The dog has a level top line. This means that both the front and back legs are equal in length. The tail is also characteristic in that it has a three tiered level. This includes a thick base and medium in length as it drops down and covered with short and tough hair. The tail may be carried over the back or even may be slightly curved. Average height stands at 10 -11 inches while the weight range is 19 – 23 pounds.
The Scottish terrier or Scottie as is commonly referred to is an alert and brave dog that is loving and affectionate to its master and the immediate family members. It loves to socialize and play. Making friend with the Scottie is very easy, as all it needs is a person who loves to approve of it.
One thing to note is that the Scottie is very sensitive of how correction is done. To ensure that the dog does not shy away and reserve its energy, make sure that you do no raise your voice at the dog or even punish it physically when it does something wrong. A firm “No” will do.
Although the dog loves to play and is good with children, it is important that the games played are moderate in nature to ensure that it does not become injured while at play as the Scottie is prone to injuries. Obedience training must be consistent too to ensure the dog learns the acceptable behavior from behavior that is not warranted.
Being a small breed of dog, dislocations and fractures are common especially resulting from mishandling and rough play. They also have a difficult time whelping and are prone to mast cell tumors.
The Scottie has high mortality cases, with numerous cases coming at child birth following the difficulty at whelping. Average lifespan ranges at 12 – 15 years.
Regular brushing of the hair coat of the dog is recommended. A twice a week frequency is advised. Bathing is only recommended when absolutely necessary.
The origin of the Scottie is in Scotland in the 1700’s. It was bred to hunt small game. It was officially recognized by the AKC in 1885.