The Schipperke is seen as a small dg that has all the similarities of the fox. It is this notion that gives the dog the term “Small Fox.” The general body profile is square in shape as the length of the legs and the body length seem to be approximately equal. The skull of the Schipperke is round in size and fits well with the general body description. From the head level comes a wedge shaped and long muzzle that narrows down to the nose and mouth. The muzzle ends at a small nose and mouth, similar to those seen in a fox. The dog has complete dentition and had the teeth meeting in a scissors level.

The dog has small eyes that fit within the oval and black eye sockets of the face. The ears of the dog are ever erect and are triangular in shape and located at the top of the head. The top line of the dog slopes slightly towards the back of the dog. This is an indication that front legs are longer than those of the back.


The Schipperke is a dog that has a very a double coat. This comprises of a smooth and dense undercoat and a long upper coat. Common coat colors include solid black, and tan. The long hair however does not cover the face. It is long in the back, neck and rump. The dog is at time born without a tail, though it is common practice to dock the tail when the dog is about 2 days old. The dilemma is however that docking in most parts of the world is illegal. The height range of the schipperke is 10 – 13 inches and the weight may range from 12 – 18 pounds.


The Schipperke is an energetic and quick do that is high spirited and self confident on its own breath. It is a loving dog and devoted to the owner and more so children. The Schipperke is a dog that makes bonds easily with canine pets, non canine pets and humans alike. As with its energy, the schipperke requires a lot of attention as it can be a highly mischievous dog.
Very strong leadership is required to ensure that the dog behaves in the right way. As it is intelligent, the Schipperke is a dog that can gauge on quality of leadership. In light of poor leadership, the dog can be a very mischievous dog. This is a dog that can double up as an excellent guard dog as it is very protective of its master.

Health Problems

The Schipperke is a dog that face3s several health problems including hypothyroid problems, epilepsy and joint problems. Progressive Renal Atrophy (PRA) is also common.


Mortality is high in midlife, especially when the aforementioned conditions set in and they are poorly managed. The average lifespan is about 15 years.


The Schipperke has cleaning instincts as those of the cat and ensures it stays clean. Regular combing of the hair coat is recommended.


This dog came from Flanders, Belgium and was bred by a canal boat captain named Rensens It is a cross breed of the Black sheep dog and the Belgian sheep dog. It was officially recognized by the AKC in 1904.