The Pomeranian is a small toy sized dog that is fast becoming a popular pet in many households around the world. This dog ahs a wedge shaped head that means that the muzzle slopes gradually to end at the face. As such, the wedge shaped head is in proportion with the body. The end of the muzzle is well pronounced as it ends at the black nose of the dog. The nostrils are quite big to provide for adequate oxygen requirements that this dog may have.

The dog has almond shaped eyes that are located in eye sockets which are ever black in color. The color of the eyes is always black. The teeth meet in a scissors bite, with the dog having a strong jaw and complete dentition. The dog has small and erect ears that are located on extreme sides at the top of the skull. Dewclaws are removed when the dog is a few days old. The tails lies flat over the back an enjoys moderate feathering of the hair.


The dog has a double coat which consists of a dense undercoat that is soft and an outer coat that is long and harsh to the touch. The color of the coat is one that varies greatly with the common colors seen being red, blue, cream, orange, brown, black, tan and sable. It is important to note that the Pomeranian has longer hair on the chest and neck areas. Average height is 7 – 12 inches while the weight is 3 – 7 pounds.


The Pomeranian is a small yet proud and energetic fog that is ever willing to be active. The dog is also very intelligent and willing to learn. This makes the sessions of learning very interesting and fun as they are very cooperative and eager to please their masters. The Pomeranian is also a very outgoing dog, being fast to make acquaintances with other canine and non canine friends, making human friends is also very easy for this dog.

The Pomeranian is a dog that has been in the recent past been sown as a show dog and companion that offers pleasure when one accompanies them. The docile nature of the dog makes it a perfect play partner of the children as it loves to form bonds and grow. In as much as the Pomeranian may seem docile, lack of proper leadership may make the dog become quite harsh and uncooperative. Daily walks are a good way to demonstrate leadership and create an even stronger bond as the pack leader.

Health Problems

Dislocated kneecaps are quite common amongst Pomeranians. Other problems include allergies, skin irritations, eye infections and tooth decay.


There is low mortality throughout the lifespan of the Pomeranian. Average life span is about 15 years


As this dog has a long hair coat, it is recommended that frequent brushing of the coat be done. Use of dry shampoo when cleaning is recommended, with bathing being minimized.


These dogs came from Germany in Pomerania and it’s closely related to the German Spitz. The Pomeranian has been bred down in size. It was officially recognized by the AQKC in 1888.