The Pekingese is a small yet well balanced dog that is unique in that it has a muscular body. The length of the Pekingese is longer than its tail. The length of the head is longer than that of its body. The length of the legs is thus shorter as compared to its length. The proportion of the head to the rest of the body is slightly big; making the dog looks somewhat peculiar. The shape of the head is wedge shaped, with the muzzle accentuating the shape. This ends at the nose that is always short and black.
The dog has complete dentition and a broad jaw. The teeth therefore meet in a under bite which serves it well for the purpose that it was bred for. The ears of the dog lie flat on the skull but tend to be semi erect when the dog is alert. They are feathered with the long hair of the dog. The eyes are large and prominent, dark in color and located in the black eye rims.
The Pekingese has a double coat which comprises of a dense and short under coat while the outer coat is quite long and coarse in texture. Common coat colors include black, tan, red, silver white and tricolors at times. The tail is set high on the back and enjoys moderate feathering. The dog has a unique short and thick neck. The bones are quite fine and by genetics give the dog the impression of a sporting dog. Average height is 6 – 9 inches while the average weight is 8 – 10 pounds.
The Pekingese is a little dog with a big attitude. It is brave, affectionate and very much independent. This is just but the perfect companion for a person that has a little space. Though a very good dog to have, they are prone to being overweight very quickly. Their diet must be checked. This dog is very intelligent and thus training takes a very short time. As such, it makes a very good watchdog as it can learn to only bark when necessary.
One challenge that this dog is prone to face is housetraining. Just be consistent and steadfast in training and the dog will surely retaliate in understanding that it is not ok top have a bathroom break within the house.
Obedience and behavior training are very important so that the dog learns from a very early age the expected behavior. The most common behavior problems when the dog assumes pack leader include jealousy, guarding of food, excessive barking or even chewing on different items.
Dog flu and colds are very common in the Pekingese. Also birth is very difficult and caesarean section is commonly recommended. Dislocated disks and kneecaps are also very common. Breathing and heart problems are also common.
The mortality rate is very high for the Pekingese n the 1st year of life, with most mortalities being reported during birth. The average lifespan of this dog is 12 – 15 years.
Daily grooming of the long coat of the dog is very important to avoid matting. Cleaning eyes on a daily basis is also very important.
This is a dog native to Beijing where it took its name from the city of Peking. It was said to drive away the bad spirits. The dogs were only owned by royalty. This breed spread as a result of the British coming in China and was registered by the AKC in 1909.