The Papillon is also referred to as the Continental Toy Spaniel. This is a small dog that is fine boned and has a small yet rounded head that comes to a well defined stop. This breed of dog has a small, short and thin muzzle that tapers down to the nose. The nose is always black in color. The Papillon has dark and medium sized eyes that are located in round rims.

The large ears of this dog can be either erect or even rounded with dropped and rounded tips. The Papillons that come with the ears that drop downwards are referred to as Moth Papillons or Phalene Papillons. This dog has moderate hair on the ears. The dog has a complete set of teeth and these teeth meet in a scissors bite.


The dog has a straight and long single coat. Extra hair is seen on the chest of the dog, tail ears and legs. Common coat colors are white and it comes with patches of other colors such as brown, fawn, brindle grey and tan. The tail of the dog is located high over the top line of the dog. It is covered with a lot of hair. Dewclaws can be removed when the dog is only a few days old. Average height is 8 – 11 inches in males and the average weight is 7 – 10 pounds.


The dog is viewed as a friendly. Well mannered and calm dog. It has a lot of energy and is also referred to as the Butterfly dog, in that the dog the ears make it look like a butterfly’s wings. This dog loves being outdoors most of the time than being indoors. This dogs loves to play and can do very well with children, that it can play with the children outdoors. It is recommended that has children should be the pack leader and be able to command the dog and the dog be able to follow.

This dog is quite obedient and intelligent. It takes in obedience training very well and should not be much of a problem when outdoors. For the first time, it is recommended that the most ideal thing that should be done is to have the dog on a leash and see how well it behaves. The Papillon can be trained to perform simple ticks.

Exercise is very important to these dogs. A daily 30 minute walks should be given to ensure that the dog’s migrating instincts are met. Lack of sufficient exercise causes the dog to face a myriad of problems including barking, chewing on items to being overweight.

Health Problems

Patella luxation in the hind quarters is common.


There are very few cases of mortality reported. Average lifespan is 15 years.


As the dog has a long coat, daily grooming is recommended. Bathing should only be done when necessary. Nail clipping and cleaning the teeth is also very important.


This breed can be traced back in time for nearly 700 years and is a native of France. This breed was quite popular in the Renaissance period. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1915.