The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a very little dog that seems to have great proportion. The shape of the head is round with the muzzle going through to a very shallow stop. The nose of the dog is always black. Teeth of this dog meet to a scissors bite and it has dark brown eyes. The eye rims are also dark. The ears of the Spaniel are set high with a lot of feathering on them. The dog has a flat line on the back, an indication that both hind legs and front legs are equal.
The general hair coat of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a coat that looks like silk to the eye. There is extra feathering on the chest, ears and legs. Among the most common color coats of the dog include mahogany red, red and white or black and tan. The height range of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is 12 – 13 inches while weight ranges at about 11-18 pounds.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a dog that is eager to learn, affectionate, loving and very loyal to their owners. This dog is special in that it will always seem to be waging its tail. The dog is constantly looking for ways to please their owner and will work hard to ensure it does get praise. The dog is fearless and willing to go the extra mile.
In training, it tends to be very cooperative. This makes understanding of commands quite easy and fast. This dog is generally loved as it gets along with people as well as non canine pets. The required exercise is quite important for the dog to ensure it is well exercised and does not result to behavioral problems. Strict supervision of the dog, especially when it’s a puppy is advised so that it can learn good behavior from an early age.
The most common health problem affecting the dog is syringomyelia which is a hereditary disease causing multiple problems to different organs including eye, patella and ears. Hip dysplasia is also common as is weight gain.
Mortality cases are high upon the above mentioned condition setting in, as it is recommended that humane killing be done to alleviate suffering. The normal lifespan of the dog is however 9 – 14 years.
A fine bristle brush is needed for grooming the dog as failure to comb its hair regularly will make the hair to matt. Hair between the feet ought to be trimmed. It is also advisable to trim hair in ears as it is very difficult to groom and hair normally matts. Combing the hair also prevents too much shedding of hair as it is an average shedder.
This breed got its name from King Charles II, a dog which is a descendant of King Charles Spaniel. The King Charles spaniel was interbred with Pugs, resulting to the breed known as Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. This breed was officially recognized by the AKC as a toy breed in 1996.