The Border terrier is a small but sturdy dog which comes with medium sized bones. Its shoulders and general body are narrow. The muzzle is quite short and in most cases dark. The Border terrier has a full set of teeth, with the teeth forming a scissor bite.
The hair coat of the dog is a double coat that is short, dense and wiry. The most common color coats that are seen with the Border terrier include being blue, tan, red and grizzle. In some instances, there could be traces of white on the chest. The tail is medium in sized, and it is quite thick.
The front and back legs of the Border terrier are predominantly straight. The height range of the Border terrier is between 11 – 16 inches, with slight variations occurring between the two sexes. The weight range is between 11- 16 pounds.
The Border terrier has long been used as a hunt dog and as such it is an alert and agile dog that is active and willing to do all that it takes to get the hunt. It is lively most of the times and can be said to be an excellent choice of dog with children.
It is mild mannered which is a good thing as training becomes easy; as it inherently follows orders once they are taught. The dog is also a good watchdog and will bark at the sign of any disturbance but it will not bite.
It is good to get the dog accustomed to noise so as to ensure it does not become timid when out for walks and they tend to be scared y some foreign noise. Provided the terrier gets lots of exercise, it is a very well behaved dog. Lack of sufficient exercise makes the Border terrier have an array of behavioral problems affecting it. It is a good dog to socialize with cats too as it is well behaved and treats both canine and non canine pets with a lot of respect.
Among the health problems that the dog is prone to include Canine Epileptoid Cramping System CECS, a disease commonly referred to as ‘Spike’s Disease’ which is a hereditary disorder affecting the Border terrier. This condition affects multiple systems including the metabolic system, the neurological and Central Nervous System (CNS) as well as the Muscles.
CECS in the Border terrier is the most common cause of death that affects the dog. It is quite difficult to treat as it affects different processes in the body. However in absence of CECS, the dog is shown to live a long and healthy life, normally exceeding 15 years.
The hair coat of the Border terrier must be brushed at least once a week to ensure it stays looking good. It is however important to have the dog professionally groomed at least once every 6 months to achieve the natural look.
The Border terrier is said to have originated from the Cheviot border of England and Scotland, hence its name. The breed is one of the earliest breeds of dogs bred in England and was used in driving away foxes from the land that was being cultivated. It was recognized by the British Kennel Club in 1960 and the American Kennel club 10 years later in 1930.