The Basenji is seen as a dog with a smooth hair coat, muscular and athletic. The head of the Basenji is wrinkled slightly and the muzzle is quite short compared to the skull which looks flat. Its eyes are almond shaped and the color ranges from dark brown to dark hazel. The height of the back legs and the front are equal, giving it a flat back. The tail is located high and is curled to one side of the body.
The Basenji comes with a short hair coat that is very shinny making it look magnificent, especially in the backdrop of soft sun. The most common color coats include pure black, red, copper or even various color mixtures including a tan and white, black and white or even brindle and white. Irrespective of the color that the dog has, the feet tip of the tail and chest must be white for the dog to be recognized as a Basenji. One of the things that make the Basenji a unique dog is that it does not bark but rather makes a variety of other sounds including howling, growling or even yodeling, each sound depending on its mood. The height ranges of the Basenjis range from 15 – 17 inches while the weight range is from 20 – 26 pounds.
The Basenji is seen as a mentally alert dog which has both a lot of energy and curiosity. This makes it a good choice of pet. For the best pet, it should be trained from a young age. Training is quite fun as it responds well, being eager to impress the trainer. When near strangers, it seems to be quite reserved, making a first time encounter quite a pleasure. In as much as it relates well with humans, this is not the case with other pets. The Basenji hates wet weather and will not venture outdoor when wet. It is also a compulsive chewer and it is therefore recommended that it has toys to play with. It is also important to note that this dog loves to climb and will easily scale a chain link fence. Regular exercise for the dog is very important as the Basenji is tireless at play
Among the common problems documented for the Basenji is Fanconi’s Syndrome, a disease that affects the kidneys and which requires immediate attention. Other conditions include eye problems, retinal atrophy and intestinal problems.
Most Basenjis will complete their normal lifespan which is approximately 10 – 12 years. However, there is high mortality especially when the aforementioned health problems affect the Basenji.
As the Basenji seems to have self cleaning rituals like those of a cat, very little grooming is required. It is also important to note that it does not have a dog smell. Shedding of the bassengi is quite minimal or none at all.
The history of the Basenji is said to date back to the Egyptian Era as there are dogs drawn that closely resemble it. It is also said to have first been introduced in England in 1937, having had come from the Congo region. The dog was then refined through several generations of breeding. The American Kennel Club officially recognized it in 1944.